In addition to its own funds, Estonia uses resources of various external sources for important development programmes, reforms and investment.
During the 2014–2020 budget period of the European Union, the Ministry of the Interior is responsible for the development and implementation of support measures in the field of internal security ensured by the European Union Structural Funds, the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund and the Internal Security Fund.
European Union Structural Funds
For 2014–2020, the European Union’s Structural Funds reserved a total of 3.5 billion euros for Estonia and the Ministry of the Interior is to invest 59.4 million euros out of that sum (funds of the European Cohesion Fund and the European Social Fund) into development of the areas within the field of administration of the ministry.
In 2007–2013, a total of 3.4 billion euros were reserved as structural support for Estonia. The Ministry of the Interior invested 38.3 million of those (funds of the European Regional Development Fund) into increasing preparedness for emergency situations.
Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF)
For 2014–2020, the AMIF allocates almost 2.4 billion euros to member states. Estonia will receive more than 10,1 million euros. The Ministry of the Interior is responsible for the implementation of AMIF-funded measures in Estonia.
For the period 2007–2013, almost 4 billion euros was allocated for the management of the Union's external borders and for the implementation of common asylum and immigration policies through the General Programme “Solidarity and Management of Migration Flows” (SOLID). This General Programme consisted of four instruments: External Borders Fund (EBF), European Return Fund (RF), European Refugee Fund (ERF) and European Fund for the Integration of third-country nationals (EIF). The Ministry of the Interior is responsible authority of the VPF, the ETF and the EPF.
Internal Security Fund (ISF)
The Internal Security Fund consists of two financing instruments.
For 2014–2020, the ISF allocates nearly 1.3 billion euros to member states for matters of protection of external borders and visas. Estonia will receive nearly 21.8 million euros.
For police cooperation, crime prevention and fighting and crisis management, the ISF allocates 662 million euros. Estonia will receive nearly 13.5 million euros. The Ministry of the Interior is responsible for the implementation of ISF-funded measures in Estonia.