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The United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union

The United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union on 31 January 2020. The Withdrawal Agreement has been concluded between the European Union and the United Kingdom which among other issues, regulates the rights of the United Kingdom citizens and their family members who are residing in the European Union i.e. in Estonia and the other EU member states.


The Ministry of the Interior is in charge of issues concerning citizens of the United Kingdom and their family members who wish to settle in Estonia, as well as their personal identification documents in Estonia.

Foto: Pixabay

 

 

 

 

 

Questions and answers

 

Here you can find the rights of EU27 and UK citizens post-Brexit, as outlined in the Joint Report from the Negotiators of the European Union and the United Kingdom Government.

 

What will change for citizens of the United Kingdom who are currently residing in Estonia?

In accordance with the withdrawal agreement, after the United Kingdom withdrawal from the European Union, a transition period commences, lasting until December 31 2020.

  • Until the end of the transition period, the European Union right of free movement will continue applying to United Kingdom citizens and their third country national family members. Citizens of the United Kingdom and their family members are not required to take any immediate action regarding their legal status as residents of Estonia. Citizens of the United Kingdom can continue residing here under their current Estonian ID card until its expiry date. United Kingdom citizens’ family members can reside in Estonia under their current residence permit cards.
  • Citizens of the United Kingdom and their family members residing in Estonia and United Kingdom citizens and their family members arriving in Estonia before the end of the transition period do not have to apply for a new document resulting from the withdrawal agreement. Estonia is planning to commence the issuing of a new residence permit card in the last three months of 2020. The Ministry of the Interior will give further notice to United Kingdom citizens who are residing in Estonia about when the new residence permits will start to be issued.

What will change for citizens of the United Kingdom who are Estonian residents after the end of the transition period?

  • The withdrawal agreement protects only those United Kingdom citizens who reside in Estonia or any other European Union member state at the end of the transition period under the European Union free movement regulations.
  • At the end of the transition period, the Citizen of the European Union Act will continue to apply to United Kingdom citizens residing in Estonia. When a United Kingdom citizen leaves Estonia after the end of the transition period to live/work in another European Union member state, he/she must apply for the relevant permission in accordance with the law of the host country. If a United Kingdom citizen stays outside Estonia for less than five years, he/she can return under present terms.
  • Citizens of the United Kingdom arriving in Estonia after the end of the transition period, must apply for residence permits at Estonian foreign representations or at the Police and Border Guard Service under the terms of the third country nationals. Detailed terms will appear in the near future, after the Future Relationship Agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom has been concluded.

What will change for the United Kingdom citizens’ family members after the end of the transition period?

  • United Kingdom citizens’ family members who are not residing in Estonia at the end of the transition period, will be able to join the United Kingdom citizen residing here under the same terms as before, i.e. the United Kingdom citizen resides, studies, works etc. in Estonia and he/she can show sufficient financial means and valid health insurance.
  • After the transition period, family members of citizens of the United Kingdom, who want to live in Estonia, have to apply for residence permit at an Estonian foreign representation. Those with the right to enter and stay in Estonia can also apply for a residence permit at the Police and Border Guard Service.

What will change for Estonian individuals with undefined citizenship who are presently residing in the United Kingdom?

  • The withdrawal agreement protects and applies to those individuals who are residing in the United Kingdom according to the terms related to free movement within the European Union. In the United Kingdom Estonian individuals with undefined citizenship presently have a status of citizens of a third state, and in the future their status will remain the same.
  • Their residence in the country before and after Brexit is and will be regulated by the domestic law of the United Kingdom, and the withdrawal agreement generally does not apply to such individuals.
  • Citizens of third states are regulated in the withdrawal agreement if such individual is a family member of an EU Member State citizen who is residing together with such EU Member State citizen in the United Kingdom at the time of its withdrawal and at the end of the transition period. The withdrawal agreement also protects spouses who are citizens of a third state and who are married to an EU Member State citizen, if such EU Member State citizen is residing in the United Kingdom and the marriage was entered into before the end of the transition period. Therefore, a spouse who is a citizen of a third state will continue to be able to join his or her partner who is an EU Member State citizen residing in the United Kingdom. Such protection does not apply to such marriages of EU Member State citizens entered into after the end of the transition period, and in the future they will be able to join their spouse on the basis of the domestic law of the United Kingdom.
  • In the future descendants of citizens of the Member States will be able to join their parent residing in the United Kingdom according to the terms stated in the withdrawal agreement, and they will not necessarily have to be residing in the United Kingdom during Brexit.

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

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Last updated: 12 June 2020