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Border Management

In management of migration flows, Estonia is based on the integrated border management model. Using modern technologies and international and national cooperation, the integrated border management model aims at:

  • facilitating the movement of persons and goods;

  • protecting the security of external and internal borders;

  • preventing illegal entry and immigration through the country;

  • anticipating and preventing cross-border crime.


Border crossing

Estonia guards the external border of the Schengen Area

Estonia ensures the guarding and protection of over 1,100 km of external borders of the Schengen Area (767 km of sea and 338 km of land borders). In its actions, the border guard relies on the Schengen legislation and the principles of integrated border management. The important parts of the integrated border management are border surveillance  and risk analysis, checking of documents at the border, cross-border crime investigation in cooperation with internal security authorities of other countries, work of the liaison officers in third countries and other types of international cooperation.

The priority of Estonia’s border policy for the next five years is the  construction of the land border line between Estonia and Russia.

Border crossing to Russia

Estonia’s eastern border, over 300 kilometers long, is also the European Union’s external border.

Just a few years ago, people travelling to Russia often had to wait in a live queue for days just to cross the border, but since 2011 a specially designed electronic queue system is in place.


Last updated: 8 October 2015